l. PLoS Current Outbreaks 30 January posted an article by White, et. al. from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, reporting on the need for more operational EBOV treatment centers and more isolation of suspected EBOV patients and more EBOV HCW in Sierra Leone. See: http://currents.plos.org/outbreaks/article/projected-treatment-capacity-needs-in-sierra-leone/. I believe the authors overestimate the current needs re: EBOV in Sierra Leone: the authors used WHO data collection ending 8/13/14 before interventions were ramped up and included 2.5 unreported EBOV cases for each EBOV case reported. Under-reporting is greatly reduced since 8/14/15.
2. Foreign Policy Nov/Dec, 2014 contains an article entitled: ‘Global Thinkers of 2014’. Among the FP’s choices are several persons whom I believe will directly improve global health care in 2015, particularly zoonotic infectious diseases, and particularly health in Africa. These persons are:
1. Jennifer Lewis: Materials scientist at Harvard who has made ‘functional’ ink jets for 3D printers so that cellular tissue with blood supply can be printed, as well as light, strong, renewable surfaces for objects.
2. Emmanuelle Charpentier/Jennifer Doudna: Both independently invented gene-editing technique called ‘CRISPR’ which allows single base pair to be added to subtracted from a gene. The technique will eventually cure or prevent all disease based on gene abnormalities. Inventors also say CRISPR will cure infectious diseases, including HIV. Their companies are called Editas Medicine and CRISPR Therapeutics.
3. Elizabeth Holmes: Researcher who developed technique for miniscule amount of blood all that is needed for comprehensive blood panel and RT-PCR for viral, bacterial, and parasitic diseases. Her firm is called Theranos. This technique will shortly be ‘transported’ to Smart Phones which will do the finger prick and the processing of the blood within the Phone. This technique could end zoonotic epidemics and HIV in Africa.
4. Arye Kohavi: Israeli whose invention can ‘pull’ water out of moist air to produce potable water. One version can make 120 gallons of water per day. This invention could actually save the world. World Economic Forum in Davos this year listed water shortage and pandemics are the world’s two biggest risks. His company called Water-Gen.
To this list of 4 persons, I would add all of you: researching EBOV, treating EBOV patients, planning or doing vaccine trials, and planning/taking action to help West Africa recover from the EBOV epidemic when it is brought to ‘zero’, coordinating the response to this epidemic.